Sinus infection, also known as sinusitis, is an inflammation of the sinuses or cavities near the bone of the nose. This inflammation leads to the trapping of mucus in the sinus and the nasal membrane. Thus, a tremendous pressure is exerted on the sinus walls causing pain and physical discomfort. How to treat sinus infection needs to be discussed in detail.
Treatment of sinus infections differ according to the type of infection. Sinus infections can be classified into three categories, depending on the duration of occurrence, namely – acute infection (lasting up to three weeks); chronic infection (lasting 3-8 weeks, or even more); and recurring infection which refers to the frequent sinus attacks in the duration of one year.
There are numerous options available for treating sinus infections. Decongestants and sprays available in the market can provide relief from the pain. But they come with a glitch – they can not be used for chronic sinus infections. They are effective only if used for a few days. Nasal rinses with salt-water solution, mucolytic agents, steroids are some of the other possible treatments.
To treat sinus infection, some home remedies can also prove beneficial. These home remedies range from inhaling steam from a vaporizer to keeping the body hydrated by drinking hot tea and other hot liquids. However, coffee is not that effective in reducing pain, though it is warm, as it contains caffeine.
Other remedies include eating jalapeٌo peppers, intake of ripe grapes' juice, application of a paste of cinnamon with water or dry ginger with water etc. But, while on one hand, these home remedies can help in reducing the pain and discomfort, on the other, these can not cure the infection.
A daily intake of vitamin C acts as a preventive measure against the pain caused by sinus. Staying away from pollutants that can cause sinus allergy also acts as a deterrent. In the same light, protecting oneself against cold is also a measure to treat sinus infection as cold can aggravate the sinusitis.
All in all, how to treat sinus infection is a question that has multiple answers to it but only one thing, i.e prevention, is the most effective treatment against sinus infection!